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Nano Lett. 2008 Oct;8(10):3081-5. doi: 10.1021/nl0731567. Epub 2008 Apr 17.

Nanophotonic switch: gold-in-Ga2O3 peapod nanowires.

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  • 1Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Tsing Hua University, No. 101, Section 2 Kuang-Fu Road, Hsinchu, Taiwan 300, Republic of China.


A novel metal-insulator heterostructure made of twinned Ga2O3 nanowires embedding discrete gold particles along the twin boundary was formed through a reaction between gold, gallium, and silica at 800 degrees C during simple thermal annealing. The Au-in-Ga2O3 peapods spontaneously crystallized under phase separation induced by the formation of twin boundaries. The nanostructures were analyzed by field emission scanning (FESEM) and transmission electron microscopes (FETEM), and their photoresponse was investigated using a double-frequency Nd:YAG laser with a wavelength of 532 nm on a designed single-nanowire device. The surface plasmon resonance (SPR) effects of embedded Au nanoparticles are proposed to be responsible for the remarkable photoresponse of these novel structures.

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