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Br J Pharmacol. 2008 Jun;154(3):698-708. doi: 10.1038/bjp.2008.87. Epub 2008 Apr 14.

AM3, a natural glycoconjugate, induces the functional maturation of human dendritic cells.

Author information

1
Liver Unit, Hospital Universitario de la Princesa, CIBER-EHD, Spain.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

Dendritic cells (DCs) are dedicated antigen-presenting cells able to initiate specific immune responses and their maturation is critical for the induction of antigen-specific T-lymphocyte responses. Here, we have investigated the effects of Inmunoferon-active principle (AM3), the active agent of a commercial immunomodulatory drug, on human monocyte-derived DCs (MDDCs).

EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH:

MDDCs derived from healthy and hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected patients were stimulated with AM3. We analysed the expression of cell surface proteins by flow cytometry, that of cytokine production by ELISA, and the expression of chemokines and chemokine receptors by RNase protection assays. T-lymphocyte proliferation was assessed in mixed lymphocyte reactions, protein expression by western blot and luciferase-based reporter methods, and Toll-like receptor (TLR)-blocking antibodies were employed to analyse TLR activity.

KEY RESULTS:

In MDDCs, AM3 induced or enhanced expression of CD54, CD83, CD86, HLA-DR, chemokines and chemokine receptors, interleukin (IL)-12p70 and IL-10. Furthermore, AM3 stimulated MDDCs to increase proliferation of allogenic T cells. AM3 triggered nuclear translocation of NF-kappaB and phosphorylation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase. AM3 promoted NF-kappaB activation in a TLR-4-dependent manner, and blocking TLR-4 activity attenuated the enhanced expression of CD80, CD83 and CD86 induced by AM3. AM3 enhanced the expression of maturation-associated markers in MDDCs from HCV-infected patients and increased the proliferation of T lymphocytes induced by these MDDCs.

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS:

These results underline the effects of AM3 in promoting maturation of MDDCs and suggest that AM3 might be useful in regulating immune responses in pathophysiological situations requiring DC maturation.

PMID:
18414382
PMCID:
PMC2439514
DOI:
10.1038/bjp.2008.87
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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