Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Med Genet. 2008 Jul;45(7):432-7. doi: 10.1136/jmg.2008.057596. Epub 2008 Apr 15.

Detection of known and novel genomic rearrangements by array based comparative genomic hybridisation: deletion of ZNF533 and duplication of CHARGE syndrome genes.

Author information

Unidad de Genética y Diagnóstico Prenatal, Hospital Universitario La Fe, Valencia, Spain.



Mental retardation can be caused by copy number variations (deletions, insertions, duplications), ranging in size from 1 kb to several megabases. Array based comparative genomic hybridisation (array-CGH) allows detection of an increasing number of genomic alterations.


A series of 46 patients with mental retardation and congenital abnormalities (previously screened for subtelomeric rearrangements) were evaluated for cryptic chromosomal imbalances by array-CGH. This array contains 6465 large-insert BAC/PAC clones, representing sequences uniformly distributed throughout the human genome. The results were confirmed by alternative techniques.


Four pathogenic rearrangements were detected: two of them were novel, a deletion at 2q31.2 and a duplication at 8q12 band; the other two have been previously reported--a duplication of the Williams-Beuren region and a deletion of 3q29. By adding the subtelomeric alterations previously identified, a total rate of 18% of pathogenic rearrangements was found in the series.


Based on our results, ZNF533 is the only gene contained in the overlapping region with other deletions at 2q31.2, and it is most probably the fourth zinc-finger gene implied in mental retardation. On the other hand, we propose that the CHD7 gene, associated with CHARGE syndrome by haploinsufficiency, causes a different phenotype by gain-of-dosage.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center