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J Diabetes Complications. 2009 May-Jun;23(3):194-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2007.11.006. Epub 2008 Apr 16.

Iron status in women with and without gestational diabetes mellitus.

Author information

1
Diabetes Research Center, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Science and Health Services, Yazd, Iran.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) affects approximately 7% of all pregnancies. Pregnancy, mostly because of the mitochondria-rich placenta, is a condition that favors oxidative stress. A transitional metal, especially iron, which is particularly abundant in the placenta, is important in the production of free radicals. Also, studies have shown that free radicals have a role in GDM. As there are little data about iron status in GDM, this study was performed to compare iron status in GDM and control group.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

In this case-control study, 34 women with diagnosed GDM were compared with 34 non-GDM women in the control group at 24-28 weeks of pregnancy in terms of iron status, including ferritin, serum iron, total iron-binding capacity (TIBC), hemoglobin (Hb), mean corpuscular volume (MCV), and mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH).

RESULTS:

In this study, concentration of serum ferritin, iron, transferrin saturation and hemoglobin, MCV, and MCH was significantly higher in the GDM group and TIBC was significantly lower in this group (P<.05). No significant association was observed with the other variables including familial history of diabetes and GDM.

CONCLUSION:

Our findings indicate an association between increased iron status and GDM. The role of iron excess from iron supplementation in the pathogenesis of GDM needs to be examined.

PMID:
18413178
DOI:
10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2007.11.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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