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Reprod Biomed Online. 2008 Apr;16(4):589-96.

Impact of assisted hatching on fresh and frozen-thawed embryo transfer cycles: a prospective, randomized study.

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Reproductive Health Center, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical College, Wenzhou, Wenzhou, Zhejiang Province, 325009 PR China.


The aim of this study was to determine if assisted hatching (AH) could improve the rates of pregnancy and implantation for both fresh and frozen-thawed embryo transfer cycles. A total of 760 fresh embryo transfer cycles and 200 frozen-thawed embryo transfer cycles were randomly assigned to either the treatment group (AH) or the control group (no AH). Zona thinning by laser was performed just before embryo transfer. In fresh embryo transfer cycles, the AH group and control group results were comparable. There were no significant differences in the rates of positive human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG; 47.5 versus 48.8%), clinical pregnancy (42.4 versus 42.6%), or implantation (26.3 versus 25.2%) between the two groups. However, in frozen-thawed embryo transfer cycles, the rates of positive HCG (32.0 versus 17.0%), clinical pregnancy (25.0 versus 14.0%) and implantation (16.7 versus 7.3%) were significantly greater in the AH group than in the control group (P &lt: 0.05). The results of this investigation show that in the fresh embryo transfer cycles, laser-assisted hatching by zona thinning has no impact on the rates of positive HCG, clinical pregnancy and implantation, whereas in frozen-thawed cycles, assisted hatching by zona thinning significantly increases all three of these rates.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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