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Dev Cell. 2008 Apr;14(4):570-81. doi: 10.1016/j.devcel.2008.03.003.

Collective epithelial migration and cell rearrangements drive mammary branching morphogenesis.

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1
Department of Anatomy and Program in Cell Biology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA. andrew.ewald@ucsf.edu

Abstract

Epithelial organs are built through the movement of groups of interconnected cells. We observed cells in elongating mammary ducts reorganize into a multilayered epithelium, migrate collectively, and rearrange dynamically, all without forming leading cellular extensions. Duct initiation required proliferation, Rac, and myosin light-chain kinase, whereas repolarization to a bilayer depended on Rho kinase. We observed that branching morphogenesis results from the active motility of both luminal and myoepithelial cells. Luminal epithelial cells advanced collectively, whereas myoepithelial cells appeared to restrain elongating ducts. Significantly, we observed that normal epithelium and neoplastic hyperplasias are organized similarly, suggesting common mechanisms of epithelial growth.

PMID:
18410732
PMCID:
PMC2773823
DOI:
10.1016/j.devcel.2008.03.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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