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Oral Dis. 2008 May;14(4):296-301. doi: 10.1111/j.1601-0825.2007.01385.x.

Effects of fluorides on Candida albicans.

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1
Institute of Preventive Dentistry and Oral Microbiology, School of Dentistry, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.

Abstract

AIMS:

To assess whether a short exposure of Candida albicans to commonly used fluorides would affect growth, cell surface hydrophobicity, and adherence to buccal epithelial cells.

METHODS:

Candida albicans ATCC 90028 and 11 clinical isolates were used. Minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of sodium fluoride (NaF) and of an amine fluoride / stannous fluoride combination (AmF / SnF2) were determined. Yeasts were exposed to MICs of tested agents for 1 h. Subsequently, their growth was recorded spectrophotometrically. Their cell surface hydrophobicity was assessed with n-hexadecane. Adherence to buccal epithelial cells was determined microscopically. Phosphate buffered saline (PBS) and chlorhexidine digluconate (CHX) served as controls. All results were analyzed by one-way ANOVA.

RESULTS:

MICs of AmF / SnF(2) and CHX varied between 1 and 4 microg ml(-1), whereas those of NaF were 15 000 microg ml(-1). Statistically significant growth inhibition was detected after AmF / SnF(2) (OD(24 h) +/- SD 0.457 +/- 0.059) and CHX (0.175 +/- 0.065) in comparison with PBS (0.925 +/- 0.087) and NaF (0.813 +/- 0.081). All strains demonstrated uniform behavior. Only minor changes in cell surface hydrophobicity and adherence to buccal epithelial cells (BEC) were detected.

CONCLUSION:

Growth inhibition of AmF / SnF(2) was comparable with that of CHX whereas NaF had a weaker effect. Exposure to the fluorides did not seem to alter the cell surface hydrophobicity nor adherence to BEC.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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