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G Ital Med Lav Ergon. 2007 Jul-Sep;29(3 Suppl):855-7.

[Work related sensitization risk in hotel school students, the role of garlic].

[Article in Italian]

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Dipartimento di Sanità Pubblica, Sezione di Medicina del Lavoro, Università di Firenze, Largo Piero Palagi 1 / CTO, 50139 Firenze.


We want to evaluate the incidence of allergic problems in a population of catering students at the beginning and after 3 and 5 years of their course. We enrolled in the study 601 students of a professional catering school: 412 in the first year and 189 in the fifth years. We used two questionnaires to investigate respiratory problems and dermatological ones. All the subjects were also patch tested with 10 aptens. The incidence of reported symptoms of allergy was higher in fifth year than in first one. We can observe a rising in positive reaction between the two group of students to Balsam Perù, Nickel, Fragrance mix and Garlic. In particular we found an higher incidence of positive patch reaction in female population. On the contrary the rising in positive reaction to Garlic is higher in male. About two third of the subjects positive to garlic present a sensitization to diallyl disulphide. The rising of positive patch test reactions to Garlic and Balsam Perù should be caused by the contact with cooking spices. The higher incidence of allergic pathology between students during fifth year of school and students at first year is probably due to scholastic practical activity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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