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Proteomics. 2008 Apr;8(8):1552-63. doi: 10.1002/pmic.200700857.

Serum protein profiling in mice: identification of Factor XIIIa as a potential biomarker for muscular dystrophy.

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1
Center for Human and Clinical Genetics, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Abstract

Protein profiling in blood serum by fractionation and MS analysis has been applied in mice to assess its applicability as a fast, economical alternative to current DNA and RNA analyses for diagnosis of neuromuscular disorders. Mass spectra of peptides and proteins were generated using serum from dystrophin-deficient mdx and control mice by WCX ClinProt bead fractionation, followed by MALDI-MS. Double cross-validatory linear discriminant and logistic regression data analysis methods were compared with a new Bayesian logistic regression method. These were evaluated on their ability to discriminate between healthy and dystrophic samples, and to identify the discriminatory peaks in the mass spectra. All three approaches classified the spectra with comparable misclassification rates (between 18.4 and 20.6%), with much overlap between the differential peaks identified between the methods. The differential peak pattern from the Bayesian method was sparser and easier to interpret than from the other two methods, without compromising classifying strength. One of the two main differentiating peaks at m/z 3908 was identified as an N-terminal peptide of coagulation Factor XIIIa, previously identified in human serum. This work underlines the translational aspect of serum protein profiling in mice and supports a further study with serum from patients with neuromuscular disorders.

PMID:
18409166
DOI:
10.1002/pmic.200700857
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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