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Int J Biol Markers. 2008 Jan-Mar;23(1):48-53.

Identification of alphaB-crystallin, a biomarker of renal cell carcinoma by SELDI-TOF MS.

Author information

1
Masaryk Memorial Cancer Institute, Brno - Czech Republic.

Abstract

Spectrometric-based surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization ProteinChip (SELDI-TOF) facilitates rapid and easy analysis of protein mixtures and is often exploited to define potential diagnostic markers from sera. However, SELDI- TOF is a relatively insensitive technique and unable to detect circulating proteins at low levels even if they are differentially expressed in cancer patients. Therefore, we applied this technology to study tissues from renal cell carcinomas (RCC) in comparison to healthy controls. We found that different biomarkers are identified from tissues than those previously identified in serum, and that serum markers are often not produced by the tumors themselves at detectable levels, reflecting the nonspecific nature of many circulating biomarkers. We detected and characterized áB-crystallin as an overexpressed protein in RCC tissues and showed differential expression by immunohistochemistry. We conclude that SELDI-TOF is more useful for the identification of biomarkers that are synthesized by diseased tissues than for the identification of serum biomarkers and identifies a separate set of markers. We suggest that SELDI-TOF should be used to screen human cancer tissues to identify potential tissue-specific proteins and simpler and more sensitive techniques can then be applied to determine their validity as biomarkers in biological fluids.

PMID:
18409151
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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