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Plant Cell. 1991 Mar;3(3):299-308.

Differential expression of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase and chalcone synthase during soybean nodule development.

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Department of Agronomy, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces 88003.


We have used conserved and nonconserved regions of cDNA clones for phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) and chalcone synthase (CHS) isolated from a soybean-nodule cDNA library to monitor the expression of members of the two gene families during the early stages of the soybean-Bradyrhizobium japonicum symbiosis. Our results demonstrate that subsets of the PAL and CHS gene families are specifically induced in soybean roots after infection with B. japonicum. Furthermore, by analyzing a supernodulating mutant line of soybean that differs from the wild-type parent in the number of successful infections, we show that the induction of PAL and CHS is related to postinfection events. Nodulated roots formed by a Nod+ Fix- strain of B. japonicum, resembling a pathogenic association, display induction of another distinct set of PAL and CHS genes. Our results suggest that the symbiosis-specific PAL and CHS genes in soybean are not induced by stress or pathogen interaction.

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