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N Z Vet J. 2008 Apr;56(2):85-8. doi: 10.1080/00480169.2008.36814.

Severe haemoptysis associated with seizures in a dog.

Author information

1
Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Murdoch University, Murdoch, WA, Australia. f.james@murdoch.edu.au

Abstract

CASE HISTORY:

A 7-year-old, sterilised male German Shepherd dog was presented with a history of three episodes of severe haemoptysis and associated dyspnoea within a 3-week period. A generalised tonic-clonic seizure was witnessed preceding the third episode.

CLINICAL FINDINGS:

Thoracic radiographs revealed a severe bilateral alveolar lung pattern of the caudodorsal lung fields; extension into the left cranial lung lobe was present but pulmonary vessels were within normal size limits. Frank blood was the only abnormality present at bronchoscopy. A coagulation profile, parasitological screening, thoracic and brain computed tomography (CT), and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cytological analysis did not identify any abnormalities.

DIAGNOSIS:

Haemoptysis due to either severe neurogenic pulmonary oedema or rupture of the pulmonary capillaries secondary to seizures was considered a possible diagnosis. The primary generalised seizures were attributed to late-onset idiopathic epilepsy diagnosed by exclusion of other causes.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE:

This is the first known case report describing severe haemoptysis associated with seizures in a dog.

PMID:
18408796
DOI:
10.1080/00480169.2008.36814
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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