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Biosens Bioelectron. 2008 Jun 15;23(11):1659-65. doi: 10.1016/j.bios.2008.01.037. Epub 2008 Feb 21.

A nanoparticle label/immunochromatographic electrochemical biosensor for rapid and sensitive detection of prostate-specific antigen.

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1
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99352, USA.

Abstract

We present a nanoparticle (NP) label/immunochromatographic electrochemical biosensor (IEB) for rapid and sensitive detection of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in human serum. This IEB integrates the immunochromatographic strip with the electrochemical detector for transducing quantitative signals. The NP label, made of CdSe@ZnS, serves as a signal-amplifier vehicle. A sandwich immunoreaction was performed on the immunochromatographic strip. The captured NP labels in the test zone were determined by highly sensitive stripping voltammetric measurement of the dissolved metallic component (cadmium) with a disposable-screen-printed electrode, which is embedded underneath the membrane of the test zone. Several experimental parameters (e.g., immunoreaction time, the amount of anti-PSA-NP conjugations applied) and electrochemical detection conditions (e.g., preconcentration potential and time) were optimized using this biosensor for PSA detection. The analytical performance of this biosensor was evaluated with serum PSA samples according to the "figure-of-merits" (e.g., dynamic range, reproducibility, and detection limit). The results were validated with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and showed high consistency. It is found that this biosensor is very sensitive with the detection limit of 0.02ngmL(-1) PSA and is quite reproducible (with a relative standard deviation (R.S.D.) of 6.4%). This method is rapid, clinically practical, and less expensive than other diagnostic tools for PSA; therefore, this IEB coupled with a portable electrochemical analyzer shows great promise for simple, sensitive, quantitative point-of-care testing of disease-related protein biomarkers.

PMID:
18406127
DOI:
10.1016/j.bios.2008.01.037
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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