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Res Vet Sci. 2008 Dec;85(3):612-6. doi: 10.1016/j.rvsc.2008.02.013. Epub 2008 Apr 10.

Molecular characterization and phylogenetic analysis of new Newcastle disease virus isolates from the mainland of China.

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National Reference Laboratory for Newcastle Disease, China Animal Health and Epidemiology Center, Qingdao 266032, China.


Seventy-nine velogenic Newcastle disease virus (NDV) isolates were obtained from infected chicken flocks during the outbreaks of Newcastle disease (ND) in various regions of the mainland of China in 2006. The F gene fragment (535bp, from nt 47 to 581 of the F gene) which codes the main functional region of the F protein was obtained by RT-PCR and sequenced. All sequences obtained in this study have been submitted to GenBank. All the isolates have the motif (112)R-R-Q/R-K/R-R-F(117) at the cleavage site of the fusion protein, which is typical of velogenic NDV isolates. For genotyping, a phylogenetic tree based on nucleotides 47-435 of the F gene was constructed, and the 79 isolates could be divided into two genotypes, namely VIId and III. Most of the isolates proved to be of genotype VIId; only two isolates were of genotype III. Genotype VIId NDV has been the predominant pathogen responsible for most Newcastle disease outbreaks in China. The proportion of isolates of genotype VIId NDV shows an increasing trend, according to studies on the molecular epidemiology of NDV in China from 2002 to 2006.

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