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J Biol Chem. 1991 Jan 5;266(1):117-22.

Molecular cloning of the CD9 antigen. A new family of cell surface proteins.

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Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale U268, Hopital Paul-Brousse, Villejuif, France.


The CD9 antigen was described originally as a 24-kDa surface protein of non-T acute lymphoblastic leukemia cells and developing B-lymphocytes. It is also strongly expressed on platelets, among other cells, where it shows the property of mediating platelet activation and aggregation upon binding with mAbs. The primary structure has been elucidated by cloning the cDNA from a lambda gt11 expression vector library constructed with megakaryocytic mRNA. Monoclonal antibodies were used as probes with an APAAP amplification of the signal. The 5' region was further cloned in a lambda gt10 randomly primed cDNA library. The initiation codon was immediately followed by a sequence coding for the tetrapeptide corresponding to the NH2-terminal sequence identified in a microsequencing procedure. Only one species of mRNA was found with an estimated size of 1.4 kilobase. CD9 antigen appears to be a 227-amino acid molecule with four hydrophobic domains and one N-glycosylation site. Sequence and structural comparisons showed extensive similarity of the CD9 antigen with a 237-amino acid molecule described previously as the human melanoma-associated antigen ME491 and a Schistosoma mansoni membrane protein of 218 amino acids. These three proteins identify a new family of cell-surface proteins.

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