Send to

Choose Destination
Brain Res. 2008 May 13;1209:105-14. doi: 10.1016/j.brainres.2008.02.029. Epub 2008 Feb 21.

Neurochemical architecture of the filum terminale in the rat.

Author information

Szentágothai János Laboratory, Department of Anatomy, Histology and Embryology, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Tuzoltó utca 58, Hungary.


Contrary to the widespread assumption, the filum terminale in the rat possesses a precise glial and neuronal organization. The processes of glial fibrillary acidic protein-stained astrocytes form a rich, three dimensional array. The crescent shaped white matter could be outlined with antibody detecting oligodendrocytes. The neurons in the filum terminale, labeled with neuron-specific nuclear protein, are distributed in a small midline group (dorsal nucleus) dorsal to and in two symmetrical clusters at both sides of the central canal (lateral nuclei). Nitric oxide synthase-, calretinin-, choline acetyltransferase-, substance P- and neurokinin receptor-1-immunoreactive neurons were detected in the lateral nuclei. Axons were classified based on their course and termination. Small number of calcitonin gene-related peptide-immunoreactive fibers was found exclusively in the dorsal nucleus. Nitric oxide synthase-, substance P-, and neurokinin receptor-1-stained axon arborizations were detected mainly in the lateral nucleus. A dense array of extremely fine vesicular glutamate transporter 2- and fine, synaptophysin-immunoreactive varicosities covered densely the lateral nuclei. Fine glycine-transporter 2-immunoreactive axon arborization like structures were seen also in the lateral nucleus. Vesicular glutamate transporter 1- and choline acetyltransferase-immunoreactive axons arborized in the entire gray matter. Serotonin- and enkephalin-immunoreactive fibers congregated in the dorsolateral portion of the white matter, called "shoulder region", while calretinin- and thick, varicose neurokinin receptor-1-stained axons were also seen in the same area of the white matter. Synaptophysin-immunoreactive fine varicosities colocalized only with vesicular glutamate transporter 2 immunoreaction. Substance P and glycine-transporter 2-immunoreactive puncta were found in close contact with neurokinin receptor-1-immunostained perikarya and dendrites.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center