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Brain Res. 2008 May 13;1209:105-14. doi: 10.1016/j.brainres.2008.02.029. Epub 2008 Feb 21.

Neurochemical architecture of the filum terminale in the rat.

Author information

1
Szentágothai János Laboratory, Department of Anatomy, Histology and Embryology, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Tuzoltó utca 58, Hungary.

Abstract

Contrary to the widespread assumption, the filum terminale in the rat possesses a precise glial and neuronal organization. The processes of glial fibrillary acidic protein-stained astrocytes form a rich, three dimensional array. The crescent shaped white matter could be outlined with antibody detecting oligodendrocytes. The neurons in the filum terminale, labeled with neuron-specific nuclear protein, are distributed in a small midline group (dorsal nucleus) dorsal to and in two symmetrical clusters at both sides of the central canal (lateral nuclei). Nitric oxide synthase-, calretinin-, choline acetyltransferase-, substance P- and neurokinin receptor-1-immunoreactive neurons were detected in the lateral nuclei. Axons were classified based on their course and termination. Small number of calcitonin gene-related peptide-immunoreactive fibers was found exclusively in the dorsal nucleus. Nitric oxide synthase-, substance P-, and neurokinin receptor-1-stained axon arborizations were detected mainly in the lateral nucleus. A dense array of extremely fine vesicular glutamate transporter 2- and fine, synaptophysin-immunoreactive varicosities covered densely the lateral nuclei. Fine glycine-transporter 2-immunoreactive axon arborization like structures were seen also in the lateral nucleus. Vesicular glutamate transporter 1- and choline acetyltransferase-immunoreactive axons arborized in the entire gray matter. Serotonin- and enkephalin-immunoreactive fibers congregated in the dorsolateral portion of the white matter, called "shoulder region", while calretinin- and thick, varicose neurokinin receptor-1-stained axons were also seen in the same area of the white matter. Synaptophysin-immunoreactive fine varicosities colocalized only with vesicular glutamate transporter 2 immunoreaction. Substance P and glycine-transporter 2-immunoreactive puncta were found in close contact with neurokinin receptor-1-immunostained perikarya and dendrites.

PMID:
18405885
DOI:
10.1016/j.brainres.2008.02.029
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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