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Biochemistry. 1991 Jan 8;30(1):248-52.

Cloning and characterization of the mitochondrial phosphate transport protein gene from the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

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Department of Metabolic Regulation, Boston Biomedical Research Institute, Massachusetts 02114.


We have cloned the gene of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae phosphate transport protein (PTP), a member of the mitochondrial anion transport protein gene family. As PTP has a blocked N-terminus, we prepared three peptides. Oligonucleotides, based on their sequences, were used to screen a Yep24-housed genomic library. A total of 2073 bases of clone Y22 code for a 311 amino acid protein (Mr 32,814), which has similarities to the anion transport proteins: a triplicate gene structure and 6 hydrophobic segments. Typical for PTP, the triplicate gene structure possesses the X-Pro-X-(Asp/Glu)-X-X-(Lys/Arg)-X-(Arg/Lys)-X (X is an unspecified amino acid) motif and the very high homology only between the first and second repeat. The 6 hydrophobic segments harbor most of the 116 amino acids that are conserved between the yeast and the beef proteins. An N-terminal-extended signal sequence, as found in the beef protein, is absent. The yeast protein has about 33% fewer basic and acidic amino acids and five fewer Cys residues than the beef protein. The protein is insensitive to N-ethylmaleimide since Cys-42 (beef) has been replaced with a Thr. Mersalyl sensitivity has been retained and must be due to one of its three cysteines. Among these three cysteines, only Cys-28, located in the first hydrophobic segment, is conserved between the yeast and the beef protein.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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