Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Science. 2008 Apr 11;320(5873):226-30. doi: 10.1126/science.1154986.

An agonist of toll-like receptor 5 has radioprotective activity in mouse and primate models.

Author information

1
Department of Cell Stress Biology, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, NY 14263, USA.

Abstract

The toxicity of ionizing radiation is associated with massive apoptosis in radiosensitive organs. Here, we investigate whether a drug that activates a signaling mechanism used by tumor cells to suppress apoptosis can protect healthy cells from the harmful effects of radiation. We studied CBLB502, a polypeptide drug derived from Salmonella flagellin that binds to Toll-like receptor 5 (TLR5) and activates nuclear factor-kappaB signaling. A single injection of CBLB502 before lethal total-body irradiation protected mice from both gastrointestinal and hematopoietic acute radiation syndromes and resulted in improved survival. CBLB502 injected after irradiation also enhanced survival, but at lower radiation doses. It is noteworthy that the drug did not decrease tumor radiosensitivity in mouse models. CBLB502 also showed radioprotective activity in lethally irradiated rhesus monkeys. Thus, TLR5 agonists could potentially improve the therapeutic index of cancer radiotherapy and serve as biological protectants in radiation emergencies.

PMID:
18403709
PMCID:
PMC4322935
DOI:
10.1126/science.1154986
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Publication types, MeSH terms, Substances, Grant support

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center