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Nano Lett. 2008 May;8(5):1446-50. doi: 10.1021/nl080373e. Epub 2008 Apr 2.

Engineering the temporal response of photoconductive photodetectors via selective introduction of surface trap states.

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  • 1Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Toronto, 10 King's College Road, Toronto ON M5S 3G4, Canada.


Photoconductive photodetectors fabricated using simple solution-processing have recently been shown to exhibit high gains (>1000) and outstanding sensitivities ( D* > 10(13) Jones). One ostensible disadvantage of exploiting photoconductive gain is that the temporal response is limited by the release of carriers from trap states. Here we show that it is possible to introduce specific chemical species onto the surfaces of colloidal quantum dots to produce only a single, desired trap state having a carefully selected lifetime. In this way we demonstrate a device that exhibits an attractive photoconductive gain (>10) combined with a response time ( approximately 25 ms) useful in imaging. We achieve this by preserving a single surface species, lead sulfite, while eliminating lead sulfate and lead carboxylate. In doing so we preserve the outstanding sensitivity of these devices, achieving a specific detectivity of 10(12) Jones in the visible, while generating a temporal response suited to imaging applications.

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