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Postepy Biochem. 2007;53(3):280-6.

[Alkaloids of Solanaceae (nightshade plants)].

[Article in Polish]

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Zaklad Fizjologii Roślin, Instytut Biologii Roślin, Uniwersytet Wrocławski.


Alkaloids are nitrogen containing compounds found in many plants. They are products of plants secondary metabolism derived from amino acids, purines, pyrimidines or terpene. Most of them are drugs. The biological activity of some alkaloids has led to their intensive exploitation by humans, as pharmaceuticals, narcotics or poisons. During the past 30 years, major technical advances have led to substantial progress in our understanding of alkaloid biochemistry, but since then biosynthetic pathways of some alkaloids are not explained. The nightshade (Solanaceae) are widespread family of plants containing tropane alkaloids or glycoalkaloids. Both of them are naturally produced, as a defense mechanism against insects, predator and disease. On the other hand, most of the species of Solanaceae family have been used by human since several centuries.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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