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AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2008 Apr;29(4):663-7. doi: 10.3174/ajnr.A0896.

Noninvasive imaging of quantitative cerebral blood flow changes during 100% oxygen inhalation using arterial spin-labeling MR imaging.

Author information

1
Department of Radiology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-5487, USA. gregz@stanford.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

Tracer studies have demonstrated that 100% oxygen inhalation causes a small cerebral blood flow (CBF) decrease. This study was performed to determine whether arterial spin-labeling (ASL), a noninvasive MR imaging technique, could image these changes with clinically reasonable imaging durations.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Continuous ASL imaging was performed in 7 healthy subjects before, during, and after 100% oxygen inhalation. ASL difference signal intensity (DeltaM, control - label), CBF, and CBF percentage change were measured. A test-retest paradigm was used to calculate the variability of the initial and final room air CBF measurements.

RESULTS:

During oxygen inhalation, DeltaM decreased significantly in all regions (eg, global DeltaM decreased by 23 +/- 11%, P < .01, all values mean +/- SD). Accounting for the reduced T1 of hyperoxygenated blood, we found a smaller CBF decrease, which did not reach significance in any of the regions. Global CBF dropped from 50 +/- 10 mL per 100 g/minute to 47 +/- 10 mL per 100 g/minute following 100% oxygen inhalation, a decrease of 5 +/- 14% (P > .17). The root-mean-square variability of the initial and final room air CBF measurements was 7-8 mL per 100 g/minute.

CONCLUSIONS:

The DeltaM signal intensity decreased significantly with oxygen inhalation; however, after accounting for changes in blood T1 with oxygen, CBF decreases were small. Such measurements support the use of hyperoxia as an MR imaging contrast agent and may be helpful to interpret hyperoxia-based stroke trials.

PMID:
18397966
DOI:
10.3174/ajnr.A0896
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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