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BMC Public Health. 2008 Apr 8;8:109. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-8-109.

Hospitalizations associated with rotavirus gastroenteritis in Spain, 2001-2005.

Author information

1
Preventive Medicine and Public Health Teaching and Research Unit, Health Sciences Faculty, Rey Juan Carlos University, Avda de Atenas s/n, Alcorcón 28402 Madrid, Spain. ana.lopez@urjc.es

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This study aims to describe and analyze hospital admissions in Spain due to rotavirus infections among children aged 5 years or under during the period 2001-2005, along with the associated health cost.

METHODS:

To update estimates of rotavirus hospitalizations rates in Spain, we conducted a retrospective study of 5 years of national hospitalization data associated with acute gastroenteritis using the Minimum Basic Data Set.

RESULTS:

During the study period, a total of 17.1% of all admissions due to acute gastroenteritis of any etiology in children aged < or = 5 years were attributable to rotavirus infection as determined by the rotavirus-specific International Classification of Diseases, ninth revision, Clinical Modification code. A mean incidence of 135 hospital admissions attributable to rotavirus per 100,000 children aged < or = 5 years was found. Hospitalizations associated with rotavirus had a marked winter-time seasonality. The estimated cost of hospital admission attributable to rotavirus has risen from 3 million euros estimated for 2001 to almost 7 million euros estimated in 2005.

CONCLUSION:

Rotavirus gastroenteritis remains an important cause of hospitalizations in Spanish children, mostly during the winter season.

PMID:
18397512
PMCID:
PMC2346473
DOI:
10.1186/1471-2458-8-109
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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