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J Med Case Rep. 2008 Apr 4;2:100. doi: 10.1186/1752-1947-2-100.

Pneumopericardium should be considered with electrocardiogram changes after blunt chest trauma: a case report.

Author information

1
Department of Intensive Care, Medical Centre Leeuwarden, 8901 BR, Leeuwarden, The Netherlands. arjan.konijn@znb.nl.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities in patients with blunt chest trauma are diverse and non-specific, but may be indicative of potentially life-threatening conditions.

CASE PRESENTATION:

We report a rare case of pneumopericardium with extreme ECG abnormalities after blunt chest trauma in a 22-year-old male. The diagnosis was confirmed using computed tomography (CT) scanning. The case is discussed, together with its differential diagnosis and the aetiology of pneumopericardium and tension pneumopericardium.

CONCLUSION:

Pneumopericardium should be distinguished from other pathologies such as myocardial contusion and myocardial infarction because of the possible development of tension pneumopericardium. Early CT scanning is important in the evaluation of blunt chest trauma.

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