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Allergy. 2008 May;63(5):564-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1398-9995.2007.01624.x.

Lack of control of severe asthma is associated with co-existence of moderate-to-severe rhinitis.

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Universidade Federal da Bahia - Programa de Pós Graduação em Medicina e Saúde, Rua Padre Feijó, Canela, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil.



Retrospective studies provide evidence that rhinitis is associated with more severe asthma. The aim of this study was to evaluate prospectively whether rhinitis is a predictor of increased asthma severity.


Five hundred and fifty-seven patients with severe asthma were enrolled. During 1 year of follow-up, each patient was evaluated every 3 months with a record of emergency room visits and supply of topical corticosteroids for asthma and rhinitis. In the 1 year of follow-up visit, the patients were checked for rhinitis diagnosis, severity and answered questionnaires for asthma symptoms and quality of life.


Eighty-two (15%) patients had no rhinitis, 299 (54%) had mild rhinitis and 176 (31%) moderate/severe rhinitis. In logistic regression models, moderate/severe rhinitis was a predictor for any emergency room visit in the follow-up period [3.83 (2.00-7.35)], for the presence of uncontrolled asthma after 1 year of follow-up [12.68 (1.73-92.85)], for <10% improvement of the airway obstruction [2.94 (1.48-5.85)] and <50% reduction in the number of emergency room visits [2.90 (1.02-8.26)] in the year of follow-up. It was also associated with a smaller chance of more than 90% reduction in the number of emergency room visits in the year of follow-up [0.27 (0.12-0.60)]. In a multivariate linear regression model, severity of rhinitis was positively correlated with a score of asthma severity and inversely correlated to an index of quality of life.


In a population with severe asthma, moderate/severe rhinitis is a strong predictor for greater severity of asthma.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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