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Neoplasia. 2008 Apr;10(4):354-62.

Tumor vascularity assessed by magnetic resonance imaging and intravital microscopy imaging.

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Group of Radiation Biology and Tumor Physiology, Department of Radiation Biology, Institute for Cancer Research, Norwegian Radium Hospital, Montebello, Oslo, Norway.


Gadopentetate dimeglumine (Gd-DTPA)-based dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) is considered to be a useful method for characterizing the vascularity of tumors. However, detailed studies of experimental tumors comparing DCE-MRI-derived parametric images with images of the morphology and function of the microvascular network have not been reported. In this communication, we describe a novel MR-compatible mouse dorsal window chamber and report comparative DCE-MRI and intravital microscopy studies of A-07-GFP tumors xenografted to BALB/c nu/nu mice. Blood supply time (BST) images (i.e., images of the time from when arterial blood enters a tumor through the supplying artery until it reaches a vessel segment within the tumor) and morphologic images of the microvascular network were produced by intravital microscopy. Images of E.F (E is the initial extraction fraction of Gd-DTPA and F is perfusion) were produced by subjecting DCE-MRI series to Kety analysis. The E.F images mirrored the morphology (microvascular density) and the function (BST) of the microvascular networks well. Tumor regions showing high E.F values colocalized with tumor regions showing high microvascular density and low BST values. Significant correlations were found between E.F and microvascular density and between E.F and BST, both within and among tumors.

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