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Pflugers Arch. 2008 Jul;456(4):729-36. doi: 10.1007/s00424-008-0453-1. Epub 2008 Apr 4.

Functional involvement of Annexin-2 in cAMP induced AQP2 trafficking.

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Department of General and Environmental Physiology, University of Bari, Via Amendola 165/A, Bari, Italy.


Annexin-2 is required for the apical transport in epithelial cells. In this study, we investigated the involvement of annexin-2 in cAMP-induced aquaporin-2 (AQP2) translocation to the apical membrane in renal cells. We found that the cAMP-elevating agent forskolin increased annexin-2 abundance in the plasma membrane enriched fraction with a parallel decrease in the soluble fraction. Interestingly, forskolin stimulation resulted in annexin-2 enrichment in lipid rafts, suggesting that hormonal stimulation might be responsible for a new configuration of membrane interacting proteins involved in the fusion of AQP2 vesicles to the apical plasma membrane. To investigate the functional involvement of annexin-2 in AQP2 exocytosis, the fusion process between purified AQP2 membrane vesicles and plasma membranes was reconstructed in vitro and monitored by a fluorescence assay. An N-terminal peptide that comprises 14 residues of annexin-2 and that includes the binding site for the calcium binding protein p11 strongly inhibited the fusion process. Preincubation of cells with this annexin-2 peptide also failed to increase the osmotic water permeability in the presence of forskolin in intact cells. Altogether, these data demonstrate that annexin-2 is required for cAMP-induced AQP2 exocytosis in renal cells.

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