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Clin Chim Acta. 2008 Jun;392(1-2):41-5. doi: 10.1016/j.cca.2008.03.002. Epub 2008 Mar 13.

Independent and incremental prognostic value of multimarker testing in acute dyspnea: results from the ProBNP Investigation of Dyspnea in the Emergency Department (PRIDE) study.

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1
Cardiology Division and Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Acute dyspnea is common in the emergency department (ED) and is associated with mortality. Biomarkers may help stratify risk in this setting.

METHODS:

Among 577 dyspneic subjects we identified 5 candidate biomarkers with prognostic value: amino terminal B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), C-reactive protein (CRP), the interleukin family member ST2, hemoglobin and blood urea nitrogen (BUN); these were assessed using both receiver operating characteristic curve and Cox proportional hazards analyses. Results were validated in a population of dyspneic patients from a distinct cohort.

RESULTS:

At 1 y follow up, 93 (16.1%) patients had died. Independent predictive ability was established in an age-adjusted Cox model containing all markers: NT-proBNP (HR=1.89); CRP (HR=1.95); ST2 (HR=7.17); hemoglobin (HR=1.68); BUN (HR=2.06) (all P<.05). Following categorical assessment based on number of abnormal markers, the 1-y risk of death increased in a monotonic fashion with mortality rates of 0%, 2.0%, 7.8%, 22.3%, 29.3%, and 57.6% respectively; similar results were seen in the validation set.

CONCLUSION:

Simultaneous assessment of pathophysiologically diverse markers in acute dyspnea provides powerful, independent and incremental prognostic information.

PMID:
18387360
DOI:
10.1016/j.cca.2008.03.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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