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J Neurochem. 2008 Jul;106(1):313-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-4159.2008.05390.x. Epub 2008 Jul 1.

Permeation of blood-borne IL15 across the blood-brain barrier and the effect of LPS.

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  • 1Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70808, USA. weihong.pan@pbrc.edu

Abstract

Interleukin15 (IL 15) is a proinflammatory cytokine with elevated concentrations in autoimmune diseases involving the periphery (e.g. rheumatoid arthritis) and CNS (e.g. multiple sclerosis). Its interactions with the blood-brain barrier (BBB) were studied in normal and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated mice. (125)I-IL15 remained intact for at least 10 min after i.v. injection and reached CNS parenchyma with regional differences between brain and spinal cord. Both in vivo and in situ brain perfusion of (125)I-IL15 showed that its permeation of the BBB was non-saturable. LPS induced a significant increase of IL15 uptake by the brain and spinal cord, partly related to a higher general permeability of the BBB. The results suggest that the BBB is an interface for blood-borne IL15 to interact with the CNS in the basal state and during inflammation.

PMID:
18384647
PMCID:
PMC3939609
DOI:
10.1111/j.1471-4159.2008.05390.x
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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