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Anticancer Res. 2008 Jan-Feb;28(1A):119-23.

Unlocking pathology archives for microRNA-profiling.

Author information

1
Institute for Pathology, UKSH Campus Luebeck, Luebeck, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are approximately 22 nucleotide long, non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression by binding to the 3'-untranslated region of target mRNAs and also a variety of cellular processes. It has recently been established that dysregulation of miRNA expression can be detected in the majority of human cancers. A variety of high-throughput screening methods has been developed to identify dysregulated miRNA species in tumours. For retrospective clinical studies formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue is the most widely used material.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The miRNA expression profiles of freshly frozen (CRYO) and FFPE tissues of seven tonsil and four liver samples were compared, using a qPCR-based assay, profiling 157 miRNA species.

RESULTS:

The significance of miRNA-profiles was barely influenced by FFPE treatment in both tissues and the variance induced by FFPE treatment was much smaller than the variance caused by biologically based differential expression.

CONCLUSION:

FFPE material is well suited for miRNA profiling.

PMID:
18383833
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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