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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2008 May 30;370(2):264-8. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2008.03.098. Epub 2008 Mar 31.

The orphan nuclear receptor DAX-1 acts as a novel transcriptional corepressor of PPARgamma.

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Hormone Research Center, School of Biological Science and Technology, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 500-757, Republic of Korea.


DAX-1 is an atypical nuclear receptor (NR) which functions primarily as a transcriptional corepressor of other NRs via heterodimerization. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) gamma is a ligand-dependent NR which performs a key function in adipogenesis. In this study, we evaluated a novel cross-talk mechanism between DAX-1 and PPARgamma. Transient transfection assays demonstrated that DAX-1 inhibits the transactivity of PPARgamma in a dose-dependent manner. DAX-1 directly competed with the PPARgamma coactivator (PGC)-1alpha for binding to PPARgamma. Endogenous levels of DAX-1 were significantly lower in differentiated 3T3-L1 adipocytes as compared to preadipocytes. Using a retroviral expression system, we demonstrated that DAX-1 overexpression downregulates the expression of PPARgamma target genes, resulting in an attenuation of adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 cells. Our results suggest that DAX-1 acts as a corepressor of PPARgamma and performs a potential function in the regulation of PPARgamma-mediated cellular differentiation.

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