Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Value Health. 2008 Mar-Apr;11(2):231-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1524-4733.2007.00229.x.

Assessing productivity loss and activity impairment in severe or difficult-to-treat asthma.

Author information

Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA, and Genentech Inc., South San Francisco, CA, USA.



Asthma can be associated with substantial productivity loss and activity impairment, particularly among those with the most severe disease. We sought to assess the performance characteristics of an asthma-specific adaptation of the Work Productivity and Activity Impairment Questionnaire (WPAI:Asthma) in patients with either severe or difficult-to-treat asthma.


We analyzed 2529 subjects from The Epidemiology and Natural History of Asthma: Outcomes and Treatment Regimens (TENOR) study. The WPAI:Asthma was administered at baseline and at 12 months. Asthma control and quality-of-life were simultaneously assessed using the Asthma Therapy Assessment Questionnaire and Mini-Asthma Quality-of-Life Questionnaire, respectively.


Severe versus mild-to-moderate asthma was associated with a greater percentage of impairment at work (28% vs. 14%), at school (32% vs. 18%), and in daily activities (41% vs. 21%). At baseline, greater asthma control problems correlated with higher levels of impairment as measured by the WPAI (work: r = 0.54, school: r = 0.37, activity: r = 0.55). Over the 12-month follow-up period, improved quality-of-life correlated with decreased levels of impairment (work: r = -0.42, school: r = -0.36, activity: r = -0.48). In multivariate analyses, greater than 10% overall work impairment at baseline predicted emergency visits (OR 2.6 [1.6, 4.0]) and hospitalization (OR 4.9 [1.8, 13.1]) at 12 months.


The WPAI:Asthma correlates with other self-reported asthma outcomes in the expected manner and predicts health-care utilization at 12 months when administered to patients with severe or difficult-to-treat asthma.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center