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Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 1991 Oct;69(10):1546-52.

Molecular mechanisms of ANP inhibition of renal sodium transport.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology, Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, NH 03756.

Abstract

ANP, a hormone secreted by the atria of mammalian hearts in response to volume expansion, increases urinary sodium excretion in part by inhibiting sodium reabsorption across the inner medullary collecting duct. A number of nephron segments may contribute to the ANP-induced natriuresis; however, this review will focus on the cellular mechanisms of ANP inhibition of electrogenic sodium reabsorption by the inner medullary collecting duct. Patch-clamp studies conducted on rat inner medullary collecting duct cells in primary culture revealed that ANP, via its second messenger cGMP, inhibits electrogenic sodium reabsorption by reducing the open probability of a cation channel located in the apical membrane. Cyclic GMP inhibits the cation channel and thereby sodium reabsorption by two mechanisms. First, cGMP inhibits the channel by a phosphorylation-independent mechanism, by binding either to an allosteric modifier site on the channel or to a regulatory subunit. Second, cGMP inhibits the channel by activating cGMP-dependent protein kinase, which by a sequential pathway involving the GTP-binding protein, Gi, inhibits the channel. These cGMP-dependent mechanisms inhibiting sodium reabsorption across the inner medullary collecting duct account for a substantial component of the natriuresis following a rise in ANP levels.

PMID:
1838024
DOI:
10.1139/y91-230
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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