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Obstet Gynecol. 2008 Apr;111(4):899-907. doi: 10.1097/AOG.0b013e31816a1e12.

High costs of urinary incontinence among women electing surgery to treat stress incontinence.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences and Epidemiology & Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA. subakl@obgyn.ucsf.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To estimate costs for incontinence management, health-related quality of life, and willingness to pay for incontinence improvement in women electing surgery for stress urinary incontinence.

METHODS:

A total of 655 incontinent women enrolled in the Stress Incontinence Surgical Treatment Efficacy Trial, a randomized surgical trial. Baseline out-of-pocket costs for incontinence management were calculated by multiplying self-report of resources used (supplies, laundry, dry cleaning) by national resource costs (USD2,006). Health-related quality of life was estimated with the Health Utilities Index Mark 3. Participants estimated willingness to pay for 100% improvement in incontinence. Potential predictors of these outcomes were examined by using multivariable linear regression.

RESULTS:

Mean age was 52+/-10 years, and mean number of weekly incontinence episodes was 22+/-21. Mean and median (25%, 75% interquartile range) estimated personal costs for incontinence management among all women were USD14+/-USD24 and USD8 (interquartile range USD3, USD18) per week, and 617 (94%) women reported any cost. Costs increased significantly with incontinence frequency and mixed compared with stress incontinence. The mean and median Health Utilities Index Mark 3 scores were 0.73+/-0.25 and 0.84 (interquartile range 0.63, 0.92). Women were willing to pay a mean of USD118+/-USD132 per month for complete resolution of incontinence, and willingness to pay increased significantly with greater expected incontinence improvement, household income, and incontinent episode frequency.

CONCLUSION:

Urinary incontinence is associated with substantial costs. Women spent nearly USD750 per year out of pocket for incontinence management, had a significant decrement in quality of life, and were willing to pay nearly USD1,400 per year for cure.

PMID:
18378749
PMCID:
PMC2593129
DOI:
10.1097/AOG.0b013e31816a1e12
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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