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Exp Cell Res. 2008 May 1;314(8):1777-88. doi: 10.1016/j.yexcr.2008.01.020. Epub 2008 Feb 6.

ERK2 protein regulates the proliferation of human mesenchymal stem cells without affecting their mobilization and differentiation potential.

Author information

1
Fundación Inbiomed, Foundation for Stem Cell Research, Mesenchymal Stem Cell Department, Paseo Mikeletegi, 61 Bajo 20009, San Sebastián, Spain.

Abstract

Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells (hMSC), derived mainly from adult bone marrow, are valuable models for the study of processes involved in stem cell self-renewal and differentiation. As the Extracellular signal-Regulated Kinase (ERK) signalling pathway is a major contributor to cellular growth, differentiation and survival, we have studied the functions of this kinase in hMSC activity. Ablation of ERK2 gene expression (but not ERK1) by RNA interference significantly reduced proliferation of hMSC. This reduction was due to a defect in Cyclin D1 expression and subsequent arrest in the G0/G1 phase of the cell cycle. hMSC growth is enhanced through culture medium supplementation with growth factors (GFs) such as Platelet-Derived Growth Factor (PDGF), basic Fibroblast Growth Factor (bFGF) or Epidermal Growth Factor (EGF). However, these supplements could not rescue the defect observed after ERK2 knockdown, suggesting a common signalling pathway used by these GFs for proliferation. In contrast, ERK1/2 may be dissociated from chemotactic signalling induced by the same GFs. Additionally, hMSCs were capable of differentiating into adipocytes even in the absence of either ERK1 or ERK2 proteins. Our data show that hMSCs do not require cell division to enter the adipogenic differentiation process, indicating that clonal amplification of these cells is not a critical step. However, cell-cell contact seems to be an essential requirement to be able to differentiate into mature adipocytes.

PMID:
18378228
DOI:
10.1016/j.yexcr.2008.01.020
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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