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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2008 May 30;370(2):259-63. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2008.03.090. Epub 2008 Mar 28.

Development of an all-in-one technology for glycan profiling targeting formalin-embedded tissue sections.

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Lectin Application and Analysis Team, Research Center for Medical Glycoscience (RCMG), National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), AIST Tsukuba Central 2, 1-1-1 Umezono, Tsukuba-shi, Ibaraki 305-8568, Japan.


An ultra-sensitive method for glycan analysis targeting small tissue sections (1.5mm in diameter) is described as an application of a recently-established lectin microarray technology. The developed system achieved a high level of detection of a tissue section consisting of approximately 500 cells for differential profiling, where both N- and O-glycans attached to a pool of glycoproteins are subjected to multiplex analysis with 43 lectins. By using an optimized protocol for differential glycan analysis, sections of adenocarcinoma (n=28) and normal epithelia (n=12) of the colon were analyzed in an all-in-one manner. As a result, Wisteria floribunda agglutinin (WFA) was found to clearly differentiate cancerous from normal epithelia with P<0.0001. The obtained results correlated well with the subsequent histochemical study using biotinylated WFA. Thus, the developed technology proved to be valid for expanding the lectin microarray applications to tissue-based glycomics, and hence, should accelerate a discovery phase of glycan-related biomarkers.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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