Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Am J Surg. 2008 Jul;196(1):120-4. doi: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2007.06.026. Epub 2008 Apr 2.

Endoscopic Sinus Surgery Simulator as a teaching tool for anatomy education.

Author information

1
Department of Otolaryngology, Montefiore Medical Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA. asolyar@netscape.net

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Virtual reality simulators provide an effective learning environment and are widely used. This study evaluated the Endoscopic Sinus Surgery Simulator (ES3; Lockheed Martin) as a tool for anatomic education.

METHODS:

Two medical student groups (experimental, n = 8; control, n = 7) studied paranasal sinus anatomy using either the simulator or textbooks. Their knowledge was then tested on the identification of anatomic structures on a view of the nasal cavities.

RESULTS:

The mean scores were 9.4 +/- 0.5 and 5.1 +/- 3.0 out of 10 for the simulator and textbook groups, respectively (P = .009). Moreover, the simulator group completed the test in a significantly shorter time, 5.9 +/- 1.1 versus 8.3 +/- 2.0 minutes (P = .021). A survey asking the students to rate their respective study modality did not materialize significant differences.

CONCLUSION:

The ES3 can be an effective tool in teaching sinonasal anatomy. This study may help shape the future of anatomic education and the development of modern educational tools.

PMID:
18374890
DOI:
10.1016/j.amjsurg.2007.06.026
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center