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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1991 Dec 31;181(3):1173-80.

Comparison of effects of HGF and EGF on cellular calcium in rat hepatocytes.

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Fourth Department of Internal Medicine, University of Tokyo School of Medicine, Japan.


We compared the effects of HGF and EGF on cytoplasmic free calcium concentration, [Ca2+]c, and inositol trisphosphate production in rat hepatocytes. HGF induced a prompt and transient elevation of [Ca2+]c. EGF also induced an immediate increase in [Ca2+]c, the magnitude of which was greater than that by HGF. In contrast, in the presence of 1 microM extracellular calcium EGF increased [Ca2+]c to a lesser extent than HGF. When cells were pretreated with EGF, the effect of HGF on [Ca2+]c was greatly enhanced. However, such enhancement was not observed in medium containing 1 microM extracellular calcium. In hepatocytes prelabeled with [3H]-inositol, both HGF and EGF increased [3H]inositol trisphosphate. HGF and EGF acted synergistically to stimulate production of inositol trisphosphate. These results indicate that both HGF and EGF increase [Ca2+]c by a mechanism involving phosphoinositide turnover and that the actions of HGF and EGF on hepatocyte calcium metabolism are not totally identical.

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