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Lung Cancer. 2008 Oct;62(1):8-14. doi: 10.1016/j.lungcan.2008.02.007. Epub 2008 Mar 26.

Knockdown of Snail, a novel zinc finger transcription factor, via RNA interference increases A549 cell sensitivity to cisplatin via JNK/mitochondrial pathway.

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Institute of Cancer, Xinqiao Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, China.


Previous reports have implicated epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) as a major cause of cancer. Snail, a novel zinc finger transcription factor, was suggested to be an important inducer of EMT and therefore be involved in different phases of tumorigenicity. However, whether Snail could increase chemoresistance of cancer cells to chemotherapeutic agent remains unclear. To evaluate the roles and possible mechanisms of Snail in chemoresistance of lung cancer cells to cisplatin, we utilized RNA interference to knockdown Snail expression in A549 cells and further assessed the cell viability and apoptosis as well as possible signaling transduction pathways. The data showed that Snail depletion sensitized A549 cells to cisplatin possibly by inducing activation of JNK/mitochondrial pathway, suggesting critical roles of Snail in A549 cell chemoresistance to cisplatin and raising the possibility of Snail depletion as a promising approach to lung cancer therapy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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