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Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2008 Apr;12(4):417-23.

High level of discordant IGRA results in HIV-infected adults and children.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, USA. anna.mandalakas@case.edu

Abstract

SETTING:

Tygerberg district, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

OBJECTIVE:

To measure the agreement of two interferon-gamma release assays (IGRAs) and the tuberculin skin test (TST) for the detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected adults and children in a setting highly endemic for tuberculosis (TB).

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional study.

RESULTS:

In HIV-infected adults (n=20) and children (n=23), tests yielded discordant results, with 61% of individuals testing positive with T-SPOT.TB, 41% with TST and 28% with QuantiFERON TB Gold (QTF). In children, there was poor agreement between the TST and T-SPOT.TB (kappa [kappa]=-0.02), but moderate agreement between the TST and QTF (kappa=0.44). In adults, there was moderate agreement between the TST and T-SPOT.TB (kappa=0.43), and the TST and QTF (kappa = 0.46). In children and adults, there was fair agreement between the T-SPOT.TB and QTF (kappa=0.33). Twenty per cent of adults had >or=1 indeterminate IGRA results.

CONCLUSIONS:

There is poor to moderate agreement between the TST and IGRAs in HIV-infected adults and children. T-SPOT.TB may have improved sensitivity for detection of M. tuberculosis infection in HIV-infected individuals compared to the QTF and the TST. In HIV-infected individuals, IGRA test properties are affected by test cut-off point and nil control responses.

PMID:
18371268
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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