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Methods Mol Biol. 2008;432:51-64. doi: 10.1007/978-1-59745-028-7_4.

Purification of Saccharomyces cerevisiae mitochondria by zone electrophoresis in a free flow device.

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GSF-National Research Center for Environment and Health, Institute of Toxicology, Munich-Neuherberg, Germany.


This chapter describes the isolation of yeast mitochondria by differential centrifugation followed by mitochondrial purification through zone electrophoresis (ZE) using a free flow device (FFE). Starting from a yeast colony, cultures are grown under respiratory conditions to logarithmic phase. Cells are collected, their cell walls enzymatically disintegrated and the resulting spheroplasts are homogenized. Mitochondria are pre-fractionated from this homogenate by differential centrifugation. With the focus on further purification, pre-fractionated mitochondria are subjected to ZE-FFE. In ZE-FFE, mitochondria are transported with the buffer flow through the separation chamber and purified from contaminants by specific deflection through a perpendicularly oriented electric field. The purified mitochondria can be collected by centrifugation and used for further experiments and analysis such as sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), immunoblotting, 2-DE or electron microscopy.

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