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RNA. 2008 May;14(5):822-8. doi: 10.1261/rna.988608. Epub 2008 Mar 27.

The aptamer core of SAM-IV riboswitches mimics the ligand-binding site of SAM-I riboswitches.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520-8103, USA.

Abstract

A novel family of riboswitches, called SAM-IV, is the fourth distinct set of mRNA elements to be reported that regulate gene expression via direct sensing of S-adenosylmethionine (SAM or AdoMet). SAM-IV riboswitches share conserved nucleotide positions with the previously described SAM-I riboswitches, despite rearranged structures and nucleotide positions with family-specific nucleotide identities. Sequence analysis and molecular recognition experiments suggest that SAM-I and SAM-IV riboswitches share similar ligand binding sites, but have different scaffolds. Our findings support the view that RNA has considerable structural versatility and reveal that riboswitches exploit this potential to expand the scope of RNA in genetic regulation.

PMID:
18369181
PMCID:
PMC2327355
DOI:
10.1261/rna.988608
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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