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J Appl Physiol (1985). 2008 Jun;104(6):1753-60. doi: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00875.2007. Epub 2008 Mar 27.

STAT-3 regulates surfactant phospholipid homeostasis in normal lung and during endotoxin-mediated lung injury.

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Cincinnati Children's Hospital, Div. of Pulmonary Biology, Cincinnati, OH 45229-3039, USA.


Acute lung injury associated with surfactant deficiency remains a major cause of pulmonary morbidity and mortality. Since signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (STAT-3) plays an important role in protecting respiratory epithelial cells during injury, we hypothesized that STAT-3 may regulate gene expression in type II cells that mediate surfactant phospholipid synthesis. Conditional deletion of Stat-3 in respiratory epithelial cells in the lung of transgenic mice (Stat-3(Delta/Delta) mice) decreased surfactant phospholipid synthesis and secretion. Deletion of Stat-3 was associated with decreased expression of Akt2, Srebf-1, and other genes expressed in type II cells that may influence surfactant phospholipid synthesis (Glut-1, Slc34a2, Gpam, Acox2, and Cds2). Stat-3(Delta/Delta) mice were more susceptible to intratracheal lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Saturated phosphatidylcholine and surfactant protein B levels were significantly decreased in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid from LPS-treated Stat-3(Delta/Delta) mice. Alveolar capillary leak, proinflammatory cytokine expression, and perturbations of lung mechanics caused by LPS were exacerbated after deletion of STAT-3. STAT-3 plays a critical role in the regulation of surfactant lipid synthesis in the normal lung and during lung injury caused by LPS.

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