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Rheumatol Int. 2008 Aug;28(10):1035-9. doi: 10.1007/s00296-008-0569-9. Epub 2008 Mar 27.

Catalase -262C>T polymorphism in systemic lupus erythematosus in Poland.

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Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznań, Poland.


It has been reported that reactive oxygen species contribute to pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Catalase (CAT) -330C>T transition, known also as -262C>T, generates three genotypes. The CAT -330CC genotype is associated with a significantly lower CAT expression in comparison to -330CT and -330CT genotypes. Therefore, using restriction length fragment polymorphism analysis, we compared the frequencies of CAT -330C>T polymorphic variants between SLE patients (n = 102) and controls (n = 199). We did not observe significant differences in the prevalence of CAT -330C>T polymorphic variants in SLE patients and controls. However, we found that the CAT -330CC genotype (recessive model) showed a significant association with thrombocytopenia OR = 7.314 (1.977-27.057, P = 0.0017). We also observed that the CAT -330CC genotype (recessive model) is linked with leukopenia OR = 3.232 (1.361-7.676, P = 0.0118), renal manifestations OR = 2.403 (1.085-5.321, P = 0.0471) and presence of anti-snRNP Ab OR = 4.206 (95% CI = 1.405-12.590, P = 0.0131), and anti-Scl-70 Ab, OR = 3.143 (95% CI = 1.171-8.433, P = 0.0343) in SLE patients. Our findings suggest that the CAT -330CC genotype may contribute to some clinical manifestations in patients with SLE.

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