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Diabetologia. 2008 Jun;51(6):1046-50. doi: 10.1007/s00125-008-0987-y. Epub 2008 Mar 27.

The Neuropad test: a visual indicator test for human diabetic neuropathy.

Author information

1
Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Core Technology Facility, University of Manchester, 46 Grafton Street, Manchester M13 9NT, UK.

Abstract

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS:

The commercially available Neuropad test was developed as a simple visual indicator test to evaluate diabetic neuropathy. It uses a colour change to define the integrity of skin sympathetic cholinergic innervation. We compared the results of Neuropad assessment in the foot with established measures of somatic and autonomic neuropathy.

METHODS:

Fifty-seven diabetic patients underwent Neuropad assessment, quantitative sensory and autonomic function testing, and evaluation of intra-epidermal nerve fibre density in foot skin biopsies.

RESULTS:

Neuropad responses correlated with the neuropathy disability score (r(s)=0.450, p<0.001), neuropathic symptom score (r(s)=0.288, p=0.03), cold detection threshold (r(s)=0.394, p = 0.003), heat-as-pain perception threshold visual analogue score 0.5 (r(s)=0.279, p=0.043) and deep-breathing heart rate variability (r(s)= -0.525, p<0.001). Intra-epidermal nerve fibre density (fibres/mm) compared with age- and sex-matched control subjects (11.06+/-0.82) was non-significantly reduced (7.37+/-0.93) in diabetic patients with a normal Neuropad response and significantly reduced in patients with a patchy (5.01+/-0.93) or absent (5.02+/-0.77) response (p=0.02). The sensitivity of an abnormal Neuropad response in detecting clinical neuropathy (neuropathy disability score >or=5) was 85% (negative predictive value 71%) and the specificity was 45% (positive predictive value 69%).

CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION:

The Neuropad test may be a simple indicator for screening patients with diabetic neuropathy.

PMID:
18368386
DOI:
10.1007/s00125-008-0987-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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