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Comput Methods Programs Biomed. 2008 Jul;91(1):55-81. doi: 10.1016/j.cmpb.2008.02.001. Epub 2008 Mar 25.

A review of smart homes- present state and future challenges.

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  • 1LAAS-CNRS, 7, avenue du Colonel Roche, F-31077 Toulouse, France.


In the era of information technology, the elderly and disabled can be monitored with numerous intelligent devices. Sensors can be implanted into their home for continuous mobility assistance and non-obtrusive disease prevention. Modern sensor-embedded houses, or smart houses, cannot only assist people with reduced physical functions but help resolve the social isolation they face. They are capable of providing assistance without limiting or disturbing the resident's daily routine, giving him or her greater comfort, pleasure, and well-being. This article presents an international selection of leading smart home projects, as well as the associated technologies of wearable/implantable monitoring systems and assistive robotics. The latter are often designed as components of the larger smart home environment. The paper will conclude by discussing future challenges of the domain.

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