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Transfusion. 2008 Apr;48(4):731-4. doi: 10.1111/j.1537-2995.2007.01596.x.

Rapid detection of anti-Lu(b) with recombinant Lu(b) protein and the particle gel immunoassay.

Author information

1
Institute for Transfusion Medicine, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany. seltsam.axel@mh-hannover.de

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Until now, it was not possible to identify antibodies to red blood cells (RBCs) except with pretyped RBCs. Here, a novel method with particles coated with recombinant Lu(b) protein for detection of anti-Lu(b) is described.

STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS:

Prokaryotic recombinant Lu(b) proteins were generated and coupled onto superparamagnetic particles coated with streptavidin. The coated particles were tested in the presence of different serum and plasma samples (13 anti-Lu(b), 6 anti-Lu(a), 20 other antibodies, and 35 serum samples from blood donors) with the particle gel immunoassay (ID-PaGIA).

RESULTS:

Lu(b)-coated particles reacted with all 13 samples containing anti-Lu(b), but not with any samples lacking anti-Lu(b). In addition, the anti-Lu(b) titers were higher with Lu(b)-coated particles than with Lu(a-b+) RBCs in almost all cases.

CONCLUSION:

Recombinant blood group proteins may be able to dispense with the need for RBCs for identification of certain RBC alloantibodies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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