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Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2008 Apr;56(3):148-53. doi: 10.1055/s-2007-989455.

Does anemia affect outcome after lobectomy or pneumonectomy in early stage lung cancer patients who have not received neo-adjuvant treatment?

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  • 1Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Attikon University Hospital, Sofokleous 36, Voula, Greece. thchamogeorgakis@yahoo.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Preoperative anemia has been shown to be an ominous prognostic factor for survival in patients with early stage non small cell lung cancer.

METHODS:

Two hundred and fourteen patients underwent resection for early stage non small cell lung cancer between 2001 and 2006 without neo-adjuvant treatment. Patients were divided into four groups based on their admission hemoglobin (Hgb): group I: Hgb < or = 12 g/dl, group II: Hgb = 12.1 - 12.9 g/dl, group III: Hgb = 13.0 - 14.0 g/dl, and group IV: Hgb > 14 g/dl. Cox regression analysis was used to evaluate each variable's impact on midterm survival taking all causes and lung cancer-specific mortality into account. Kaplan-Meier survival plots were estimated.

RESULTS:

Preoperative hemoglobin (HR = 1.44, 95 % confidence intervals 1.08 - 1.94, P = 0.014) and pneumonectomy (HR = 3.58, 95 % confidence intervals 1.26 - 10.16, P = 0.017) were the only predictors of all-cause midterm mortality. Similarly, when only lung cancer-related mortality was considered, preoperative hemoglobin (HR = 1.81, 95 % confidence intervals 1.17 - 2.78, P = 0.007) and pneumonectomy (HR = 6.89, 95 % confidence intervals 2.29 - 20.73, P = 0.001,) were independent predictors. Age, gender, pulmonary function test results, tumor stage, and histology did not influence survival.

CONCLUSIONS:

Preoperative anemia and the type of resection in early stage non small cell lung cancer have an impact on midterm survival and lung cancer-specific mortality.

PMID:
18365973
DOI:
10.1055/s-2007-989455
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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