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Lab Anim. 1991 Oct;25(4):310-8.

Suppressive effect of nonviable Mycobacterium paratuberculosis on the delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction to sheep erythrocytes in mice.

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1
National Institute of Animal Health, Ibaraki, Japan.

Abstract

The effect of nonviable Mycobacterium paratuberculosis on the delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction to sheep erythrocytes (SRBC) in mice was evaluated by means of delayed-type footpad swelling. Intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection with nonviable M. paratuberculosis into mice from 28 days before to 1 day after immunization with SRBC resulted in a significant suppression of foot-pad swelling to SRBC. The suppressive effect could be transferred by i.p. injection of spleen cells or peritoneal exudate cells from mice which had been pre-treated with nonviable M. paratuberculosis into non-treated recipient mice. The suppressive effect of spleen cells was retained even after passing them through a nylon wool column. The suppressive effect of spleen cells was abolished by treatment with anti-Thy 1.2 monoclonal antibody plus complement or anti-Lyt 2.2 monoclonal antibody plus complement. However, treatment of spleen cells with anti-mouse gamma globulin antiserum plus complement or anti-Lyt 1.2 monoclonal antibody plus complement did not affect the suppressive effect of spleen cells. The suppression of footpad swelling to SRBC induced by pre-treatment with nonviable M. paratuberculosis could be reversed by i.p. administration of cyclophosphamide. Serum antibody response to SRBC in mice was not affected by pre-treatment with nonviable M. paratuberculosis. These findings indicate that T cells appear to be involved in the suppression of delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction to SRBC in mice by pre-treatment with nonviable M. paratuberculosis.

PMID:
1836513
DOI:
10.1258/002367791780810065
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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