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Med Hypotheses. 2008;70(6):1193-6. doi: 10.1016/j.mehy.2007.09.016. Epub 2008 Mar 24.

Do intra-tumor alkaline micro-regions represent additional therapeutically privileged sites?

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Hektoen Institute LLC, 627 S. Wood Street, Chicago, IL 60612, United States.


We briefly review some implications for therapeutic resistance in solid cancers that could be associated with more alkaline intra-tumor micro-regions reported to exist. Regions of increased alkalinity may provide a proliferative advantage for cancer "stem" or other cells, as more alkaline intra- and extra-cellular environments often are associated with increased cellular proliferation. If increased alkalinity is present in aerobic, but perhaps more especially in hypoxic micro-environments, proliferation of cells less susceptible to programmed cell death, with reduced expression of multi-drug resistance membrane proteins and altered efficacy of some therapeutic drugs should develop. Such cells are also more likely to generate aberrant clones resistant to additional therapy, particularly those dependent upon mitochondrial oxidative processes with greater generation of free radicals, compared to cells reliant on anaerobic glycolysis for metabolic energy. The interplay between alkalinity and normoxia, hypoxia or anoxia may differentially advantage some cancer "stem" cells.

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