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Ann Behav Med. 2008 Apr;35(2):125-35. doi: 10.1007/s12160-008-9023-1. Epub 2008 Mar 25.

Efficacy and use of an internet-delivered computer-tailored lifestyle intervention, targeting saturated fat intake, physical activity and smoking cessation: a randomized controlled trial.

Author information

1
Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center, PO Box 2040, 3000 CA Rotterdam, The Netherlands. a.oenema@erasmusmc.nl

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Although experts claim that computer-tailored interventions provided over the Internet have great potential to promote health behavior change, few studies have tested the efficacy of computer-tailored lifestyle interventions online-delivered over the Internet.

PURPOSE:

To evaluate the short-term (1 month) efficacy of an Internet-delivered, computer-tailored lifestyle intervention targeting saturated fat intake, physical activity (PA), and smoking cessation, and to evaluate exposure to the intervention.

METHODS:

A pretest-posttest randomized controlled trial with an intervention group and a no intervention waiting list control group was conducted. Self-reported behavior and determinants were assessed at baseline and 1 month follow-up. Exposure to the intervention was monitored through server registrations. The data were analyzed using multiple linear and logistic regression analysis.

RESULTS:

The intervention resulted in a significantly lower self-reported saturated fat intake (b = -0.76, p < 0.01) and a higher likelihood of meeting the PA guidelines among respondents who were insufficiently active at baseline (OR = 1.34, 95%CI = 1.001-1.80). No significant intervention effects were found for self-reported smoking status. Of the participants, 81% actually visited the website.

CONCLUSIONS:

The Internet-delivered, computer-tailored lifestyle intervention was effective in reducing self-reported saturated fat intake and in increasing self-reported PA among participants who completed the study.

PMID:
18363076
DOI:
10.1007/s12160-008-9023-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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